Meloxicam belongs to the class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are effective in reducing pain, inflammation, and fever, but carry the risk of causing stomach ulcers, liver injury, and kidney damage in animals. These drugs relieve inflammation and pain by inhibiting the synthesis of chemicals called prostaglandins. Meloxicam also demonstrates effectiveness against fever. This drug has been specifically approved and labeled for use in dogs by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The injectable form of this drug has been approved for use in cats by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The oral form may be prescribed legally by veterinarians as an extra-label drug.
Who's Meloxicam For?
- Used in the treatment of osteoarthritis and postoperative pain
Side Effects and Warnings
- Meloxicam should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug.
- According to manufacturer, this warning has been issued -- "Repeated use of meloxicam in cats has been associated with acute renal failure and death. Do not administer additional injectable or oral meloxicam to cats"
- This drug should be avoided in animals with a history of bleeding, inflammation, or perforation of the stomach or intestinal mucosa (lining). It should also be avoided in animals with dehydration or low blood pressure and in puppies less than 6 weeks old. This drug must be used with caution in patients with heart failure, liver disease, or kidney disease.
- Meloxicam may interact with other medications, including aspirin, corticosteroids, and ACE-inhibitors. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving might interact with Meloxicam
- Side effects include stomach and intestinal ulcers, intestinal bleeding, dark or tarry stools (from bleeding into the intestines), vomiting, loss of appetite, and peritonitis (from intestinal perforation). Some of these side effects can assume life-threatening proportions and they can occur relatively suddenly.The potential for ulcers increases when Meloxicam is used in combination with corticosteroids (such as cortisone or prednisone), aspirin, or phenylbutazone
- Meloxicam can negatively affect kidney function by causing sudden severe injury to the kidneys (papillary necrosis). Blood clotting may be impaired due to the effects of Meloxicam on the blood platelets. Meloxicam may cause liver injury, with concomitant elevation of liver enzymes in blood tests
- Consult your veterinarian regarding any allergies your pet may have, and any other side effects of this medication
Use as directed by your veterinarian